Crude consolidates

Crude is consolidating below long-term resistance. Nymex crude is consolidating between $55 and $60/barrel, the 2015 high.

Nymex Light Crude

Brent crude is consolidating between $60 and $65, some way below its 2015 high of $70/barrel.

Brent Crude

The primary trend in both cases is up, with no signs of an imminent change.

Crude resistance

Crude is running into resistance at $60/barrel after a strong advance over the last three months. Two retracements in quick succession suggest that the commodity is running into resistance as it approaches its 2015 high.

Nymex Light Crude

Rising crude lifts all commodities?

Crude is rising, with Nymex Light Crude respecting its new support level at its former two-year high of $54/barrel, indicating a primary advance.

Nymex Light Crude

The general rule is that rising crude prices lift all commodities. Crude prices are a major factor in commodity prices due to the high energy costs of extraction (hard commodities), cultivation (soft commodities) and transport (both hard and soft).

The broad DJ-UBS Commodity Index is retracing but likely to respect the rising trendline, with a rally testing resistance at 90.

DJ UBS Commodity Index

Copper also shows some weakness at present but respect of primary support at 6400 would confirm the up-trend.

Copper Grade A

Iron ore is headed in the opposite direction, however, as the Chinese real estate market slows. But expect strong support between $48 and $54/tonne, especially if the rise in crude prices continues.

Iron Ore

Even gold prices tend to rise and fall in unison with crude over the long-term.

Crude retraces

Nymex Light Crude is retracing to test its new support level at the former two-year high of $54.50/barrel. Respect would confirm the primary advance.
Nymex Light Crude

Brent crude is similarly retracing, to test support around $60/barrel.

Brent Crude

Broad commodity prices are likely to follow crude, with the DJ-UBS Commodity Index heading for resistance at 90.

DJ UBS Commodity Index

Iron ore is more susceptible to cycles in the Chinese real estate market but is likely to respect primary support at $52.50/tonne.

Iron Ore

Even gold is likely to benefit in the long-term if crude prices rise.

Crude breakout warns of commodity rise

Most significant news of the week was Nymex Light Crude breaking resistance at its two-year high of $54.50/barrel, signaling a primary advance. Retracement that respects the new support level would confirm the up-trend.

Nymex Light Crude

The next major resistance level is at $60/barrel, shown on the 5-year chart below.

Nymex Light Crude

The breakout follows Brent crude’s earlier breakout above $55, signaling a primary up-trend.

Brent Crude

Crude prices are a major factor in commodity prices due to the high energy costs of extraction (hard commodities), cultivation (soft commodities) and transport (both hard and soft). Rising crude prices are likely to cause a broad rise in commodity prices, with the DJ-UBS Commodity Index testing resistance at 90.

DJ UBS Commodity Index

Iron ore is more susceptible to cycles in the Chinese real estate market but is likely to find support above $50/tonne if crude prices rise.

Iron Ore

Even gold would be likely to benefit as gold and crude prices tend to rise and fall in unison over the long-term.

Crude oil tests 2-year high

Nymex Light Crude is rising steeply, testing resistance at its two-year high of $54.50/barrel.

Nymex Light Crude

Breakout would signal a primary up-trend but I would wait for confirmation from a retracement that respects the new support level.

Rising crude prices would be a bullish signal for gold; the two tend to rise and fall together over the long-term.

Crude oil rising

Nymex Light Crude broke resistance at $52/barrel, signaling an advance to $54. Expect stronger resistance at $54 to $54.50, a 2-year high.

Nymex Light Crude

A primary up-trend in crude prices would be a bullish signal for gold. The two tend to rise and fall together over the long-term.

Gold hurt by Euro fall

From FXWire:

The euro dipped against [the] dollar on Thursday as the European Central Bank’s decision to extend its bond purchases into 2018 at a reduced rate spurred selling of the single currency.

Euro/USD

The Dollar spiked upward on the Euro fall, with the Dollar Index breaking resistance at 94 to signal another (bear) rally. Target for the extended rally is 97.

Dollar Index

Spot Gold fell in response to the Dollar, testing support at $1260/ounce. Penetration of support and the rising trendline would warn that the up-trend is losing momentum.

Spot Gold

But the Euro price of gold hasn’t budged.

Gold/EUR

Nor has the price of gold in Australian Dollars.

Gold/AUD

Which is why the All Ords Gold Index ($XGD) remains bullish, building a solid base for further gains. A higher low suggests buying support and breakout above 5000 would signal a new primary advance.

All Ords Gold Index ($XGD)

Gold and Crude Oil

Nymex Light Crude continues to test resistance at $52/barrel. A rising Trend Index signals buying pressure. Breakout above $52 would offer a target of $54. There is a broad band of resistance between $50 and $54 as illustrated on the chart below. Breakout above $54/barrel would signal another long-term advance. But long-term consolidation below $54 is as likely.

Nymex Light Crude

High gold prices historically tend to coincide with high crude prices. The chart below shows crude oil and gold prices over the last 50 years, after adjusting for inflation.

Gold and Crude prices adjusted by CPI

Present low crude prices suggest that gold will weaken.

Spot Gold rallied off support at $1260/ounce on the daily chart but encountered resistance at $1300. Consolidation between $1290 and $1275 now indicates uncertainty, while a declining Trend Index warns of selling pressure.

Spot Gold

Target 1300 + ( 1300 – 1200 ) = 1400

Dollar strength is another key influence on gold prices. After a lengthy sell-off, the Dollar Index found support at 91. Breakout above resistance at 94 would indicate this is more than just a typical bear market rally. Until then, another test of primary support at 91 remains likely; breach would warn of another major decline.

Dollar Index

Dollar rally stalls, Gold bounces

Nymex Light Crude is still testing support at $50/barrel. Follow-through above $52 would signal another advance, with a target of $54/barrel. Reversal below $49 and the rising trendline, however, would warn of trend weakness. A primary up-trend would be bearish for the Dollar and bullish for gold.

Nymex Light Crude

The Dollar Index bear market rally found resistance at 94 and is now retracing to find support. Breach of primary support at 91 would signal another major decline. Respect, on the other hand, would suggest that a base is forming.

Dollar Index

Spot Gold underwent a deep correction but is now rallying as the Dollar stalls. Political tensions remain high, both within the White House and without, and the Dollar remains in a bear market. Breakout above $1300 would reflect strong upward pressure, suggesting another test of $1350. Retreat from $1300 is not necessarily bearish. Respect of support at $1250 would suggest that a base is forming. Breach of $1250, on the other hand, would warn that the primary up-trend that started in early 2017 is weakening.

Spot Gold

Target 1300 + ( 1300 – 1200 ) = 1400

Gold hurts as Dollar rallies

Nymex Light Crude respected its new support level at $50/barrel. Follow-through above $52 would signal another advance, with a target of $54/barrel. A primary up-trend would be bearish for the Dollar and bullish for gold.

Nymex Light Crude

At present the Dollar Index continues its bear market rally, testing resistance at 94. Breakout is fairly likely but expect another correction to test primary support at 91. After all, this is a bear market.

Dollar Index

Spot Gold is undergoing a deep correction in response to the Dollar rally. But political tensions are high and the Dollar is in a bear market. Respect of the rising trendline (around $1250) would signal another primary advance. Follow-through above $1350 would confirm.

Spot Gold

Target 1300 + ( 1300 – 1200 ) = 1400

Gold corrects as Dollar rallies

The Dollar Index continues to test resistance at its former primary support level of 93. This is a bear market rally. Rising crude prices are bearish for the Dollar and respect of resistance would confirm another decline.

Dollar Index

*Target: 93 – ( 103 – 93 ) = 83

Nymex Light Crude has advanced since breaking resistance at $50/barrel. Target for the primary advance is $54/barrel. Retracement to test the new support level remains likely but respect would confirm the up-trend.

Nymex Light Crude

Spot Gold continues in a primary up-trend. Political tensions are high and a weaker Dollar would drive another gold advance. A correction that respects the rising trendline would signal a primary advance. Follow-through above $1350 would confirm. A Trend Index trough above zero, indicating buying pressure, would strengthen the bull signal.

Spot Gold

Target 1300 + ( 1300 – 1200 ) = 1400

Gold finds support as crude oil advances

Nymex Light Crude broke through resistance at $50/barrel, signaling a primary advance with a target of $54/barrel. Expect retracement to test the new support level but respect is likely and would confirm the up-trend.

Nymex Light Crude

The Dollar Index is retracing to test its new resistance level at 93. Rising crude prices are bearish for the Dollar and respect of resistance is likely, which would confirm another decline. Twiggs Trend Index has started to rise, however, and recovery above 93, while less likely, would warn of a bear market rally.

Dollar Index

*Target: 93 – ( 103 – 93 ) = 83

Spot Gold found short-term support at $1290/ounce, overshooting the $1300 target. Political tensions are high and a weaker Dollar would drive another gold advance. Recovery of gold above its descending trendline and Twiggs Trend Index above zero would strengthen the signal. But breach of $1290 is as likely and would warn of a test of $1250.

Spot Gold

Target 1300 + ( 1300 – 1200 ) = 1400

Gold looks for support as Dollar retraces

Spot Gold is retracing to test support after a strong advance to $1350/ounce. Respect of the rising trendline would signal another strong advance but a stronger correction, respecting support at $1300 is more likely. The immediate target for another advance is the 2016 high of $1375. Rising Twiggs Trend Index indicates buying pressure. Breach of support at $1300 is unlikely at present.

Spot Gold

Target 1300 + ( 1300 – 1200 ) = 1400

Gold is supported by a weakening Dollar, with the Dollar Index retracing to test its new resistance level after breaking primary support at 92. Respect of resistance is likely and would confirm the long-term target of 83*.

Dollar Index

*Target: 93 – ( 103 – 93 ) = 83

Rising crude oil prices would also be bullish for gold, increasing inflationary pressure and also easing pressure on oil-producing states to sell off gold reserves accumulated when oil prices were high. Nymex Light Crude is testing resistance at $50/barrel. Upward breakout would suggest that the recent down-trend has ended — a bullish sign for gold.

Nymex Light Crude

Dollar breaks support, Gold rises

The Dollar Index broke support at 92. Retracement may test the new resistance level but respect is likely would confirm the long-term target of 83*.

Dollar Index

*Target: 93 – ( 103 – 93 ) = 83

The Dollar is also falling fast against the Chinese Yuan. Breach of primary support at 6.60 and decline of the Trend Index below zero both warn of a primary down-trend.

USDCNY

A weak Dollar and rising geo-political tensions (North Korea) are bullish for gold. The immediate target is the 2016 high of $1375. Rising Twiggs Trend Index confirms buying pressure. Retracement that respects support at $1300 would strengthen the bull signal.

Spot Gold

Target 1300 + ( 1300 – 1200 ) = 1400

Another major influence on gold is crude oil prices. So far, crude has respected resistance at $50 despite the weaker Dollar. Softer crude prices would be bearish for gold.

Nymex Light Crude

Gold surges above $1300

A weak Dollar and rising geo-political tensions over North Korea are bullish for gold which surged through resistance at $1300/ounce. Target for the advance is $1400*. Rising Twiggs Trend Index confirms buying pressure. Reversal below $1250 is now most unlikely but would warn of another test of primary support at $1200.

Spot Gold

Target 1300 + ( 1300 – 1200 ) = 1400

The Dollar Index continues to test support between 92 and 93.

Dollar Index

*Target: 93 – ( 103 – 93 ) = 83

But the Dollar is falling fast against China’s Yuan. Breach of primary support at 6.60 and decline of the Trend Index below zero both signal a primary down-trend.

USDCNY

*Target: 93 – ( 103 – 93 ) = 83

Another major influence on gold is crude oil prices. Softer crude prices are bearish for gold but the latest decline is finding more support than the preceding three. Recovery above the downward channel and resistance at $50/barrel would signal a fresh advance.

Nymex Light Crude

Dollar fall buoys Gold

The Dollar Index ended weakly, breaking long-term support at 93. Declining Twiggs Trend Index warns of sustained selling pressure. Follow-through below 92 would confirm another primary decline, with a long-term target between 83 and 84*.

Dollar Index

*Target: 93 – ( 103 – 93 ) = 83

A weak Dollar is bullish for Gold. Spot gold is consolidating below resistance at $1300/ounce. Rising Twiggs Trend Index signals buying pressure. Upward breakout above $1300 is likely and would signal another primary advance, with a target of $1400*. Reversal below $1250 is unlikely but would warn of another test of primary support at $1200.

Spot Gold

Target 1300 + ( 1300 – 1200 ) = 1400

Always the wild card, crude is consolidating below resistance at $50/barrel. The weak Dollar is also bullish for crude oil prices. Declining Twiggs Trend Index warns of long-term selling pressure. That favors another test of support at $40/barrel, continuing the primary down-trend. But breakout above $50 and all bets are off.

Nymex Light Crude

Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco | Forecasting China’s Role in World Oil Demand

From Deepa D. Datta and Robert J. Vigfusson

Although China’s growth has slowed recently, the country’s demand for oil could be entering a period of faster growth that could result in substantially higher oil prices. Because Americans buy and sell oil and petroleum products in the global market, global demand prospects influence the profitability of U.S. oil producers and the costs paid by U.S. consumers. Analysis based on the global relationship between economic development and oil demand illustrates the prospects for Chinese oil demand growth and the resulting opportunities and challenges for U.S. producers and consumers.

The oil market has seen two major surprises in the 21st century. The most recent was the shale revolution, which dramatically increased the amount of oil supplied by North American producers and contributed to the oil price collapse of 2014.

Before the shale revolution, however, there was rapid demand growth from emerging market economies. Propelled by robust GDP growth, China’s demand for oil nearly doubled within a decade, and other emerging markets experienced similar growth. As a consequence, oil prices soared in 2007 and 2008, and advanced economies, including the United States, cut their consumption.

Most studies assume that shifts in global demand over the next decade will be gradual, with oil prices continuing to be driven primarily by supply. The surprising resilience of U.S. shale oil production both to lower oil prices and to coordinated actions by OPEC countries suggests that any oil price recovery will remain subdued (Energy Information Administration 2016). However, one potentially important source of future rapid growth in demand and thus in prices comes from emerging market economies, especially China. Given that Chinese demand helped boost world oil prices in the early 2000s, we consider the implications of a similar surprise in the coming years.

China’s future demand for oil will depend on both its economic growth and its energy choices. A high level of growth combined with energy-intensive choices could result in Chinese oil demand doubling by 2025. Even in a scenario with more moderate growth and less energy-intensive choices, China’s oil demand would still grow by over 30% by 2025. To the extent that U.S. and foreign oil producers do not anticipate this demand increase, prices would have to rise, perhaps dramatically.

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco | Forecasting China’s Role in World Oil Demand